Terraform is a widely used Infrastructure as Code (IaC) tool for provisioning and managing infrastructure across various cloud providers. While Terraform is popular, there are several alternative tools that cater to different preferences, requirements, and ecosystems.
When choosing an alternative to Terraform, consider factors such as the cloud providers you work with, your team’s skill set, the complexity of your infrastructure, and your preference for declarative or imperative syntax. Each tool has its strengths and weaknesses, so it’s important to evaluate them based on your specific requirements and use cases.
Here are some notable alternatives to Terraform in 2024.
OpenTofu is an open-source version of Terraform that will expand on Terraform’s existing concepts and offerings. It is a viable alternative to HashiCorp’s Terraform, being forked from Terraform version 1.5.6. OpenTofu retained all the features and functionalities that had made Terraform popular among developers, while also introducing improvements and enhancements. OpenTofu is the future of the Terraform ecosystem and having a truly open-source project to support all your IaC needs is the main priority.
Ansible is an open-source automation tool that focuses on configuration management, application deployment, and task automation. While not purely an IaC tool, Ansible can be used to manage infrastructure and has a large user base.
- AWS CloudFormation
AWS CloudFormation is a native IaC service provided by Amazon Web Services. It allows users to define and provision AWS infrastructure as code using JSON or YAML templates.
- Google Cloud Deployment Manager
Google Cloud Deployment Manager is Google Cloud’s native IaC tool. It enables users to define and deploy Google Cloud Platform infrastructure using YAML or Python templates.
- Azure Resource Manager (ARM) Templates
Azure Resource Manager Templates are used for deploying and managing resources in Microsoft Azure. These templates are JSON files that define the resources to be provisioned.
Chef is an automation platform that focuses on configuration management and application deployment. It uses Ruby-based scripts to define infrastructure as code.